All you need to know about Prostate Cancer

Cancer is a disease that comes unwelcomingly in a diverse manner. Even though cancer can attack any part of the body (skin and non-skin), one of the cancers which have been found rapidly growing in the entire world among men is Prostate Cancer. The prostate is a tiny walnut-sized gland located in a man’s lower abdomen, near the bladder, and surrounded by the urethra. The prostate is responsible for producing semen in men, which contains sperms that are essentially required in the process of reproduction. The cancer of the prostate occurs when cells develop abnormally in the gland. These abnormal cells are further multiplied in an uncontrollable manner and give rise to Prostate Cancer.

Prostate cancer is generally categorized by the speed at which it grows. The growth can be further classified into 2 categories:

  • Aggressive (also known as Fast Growing). 
  • Non-aggressive (also known as Slow Growing).

When it comes to the non-aggressive type of prostate cancer, the tumor either doesn’t grow or grows at a slow pace over time. But when it comes to aggressive prostate cancer, the tumor grows at a quick pace and has the possibility of spreading to other areas of the body, such as the bones. Even though most cases of prostate cancer are a type of cancer called an ‘Adenocarcinoma’ which simply means that cancer grows within the tissue of a gland, such as the prostate gland.

Even though it has been proven that early stages of prostate cancer could be completely asymptomatic, the advanced stages of the same could have various concerning symptoms such as:

  • The feeling of urinating frequently and more often. 
  • Facing difficulty in passing urine (for example, trouble starting or not being able to urinate when the feeling is there or poor urine flow). 
  • A sense of discomfort when urinating. 
  • Inability to perform sexually. 
  • Blood in urine or semen. 
  • Constant pain in the lower back, upper thighs or hips.

Despite following a healthy diet and lifestyle all your life, there are certain factors that could contribute to developing prostate cancer. Some of them are:

  • Age - Prostate cancer is highly age-specific. There is a higher chance of developing prostate cancer as you age. The risk of getting prostate cancer is at its peak by the age of 75.
  • Genetics - Every person has a set of many thousands of genes inherited from both parents. Although prostate cancer cannot be inherited, a man can inherit the genes from his parents or ancestors that can increase the risk of developing prostate cancer. 
  • Family history - If you have a first-degree male relative with prostate cancer, you could have a higher chance of developing it than men with no such history. The risk increases again if more than one male relative has prostate cancer. Risks are also higher for men whose male relatives were diagnosed at an early age.

Prostate cancer is a serious illness that tends to affect thousands of men each year who are middle-aged or older. About 60 percent of the cases occur in men older than age 65. Prostate cancer is generally a slow-growing disease and most of the men with non-aggressive cancer live for many years post the diagnosis. However, aggressive prostate cancer spreads like a wildfire and can be highly contagious to the overall health of a man. Appropriate measures taken on time with the right management is the key to fight prostate cancer and win over it.